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Islam in Siberia: archaeology, history, modernity

Scientists of Tomsk University are studying Siberian Islam. The project is devoted to analysis of how Islam as a global religion spread in Siberia through the history and to research of its current state in the region.

Siberian Islam is sometimes figuratively called "Islam at world’s end." Today Siberia is the northernmost region of our planet and its indigenous people practice Islam.

At present Islam is the second largest religion in Siberia after Christianity by the number of believers. It is essential to study the history of Islam in Siberia in order to understand certain particularities of social and cultural life of Siberian Muslims. Moreover, it will help to work out a competent national and regional policy of development on the territories, where modern Siberian Muslims live, taking into account the fact that most of the ethnical migrant workers, who are now arriving to Siberia for work and residence, are Muslims.

The topic of Islam in Siberia was forbidden for Russian scientists due to ideological reasons for a long time. Considering that targeted studies of Siberian Islam started only in the 1990s, the integral image of Islam historical path on the vast Siberian lands is still non-existent.

There is a very acute and controversial scientific problem of determining the exact time when Islam came to Siberia. Studies of Tomsk archaeologists helped develop a hypothesize that Islam penetrated in the Upper Ob area locally in the XIII-XIV centuries C.E.

Islam came to Siberia in several waves. At first it was associated with the influence of the Golden Horde, then with the political processes in the Khanate of Sibir, and finally with the resettlement of people from Volga Region and Central Asia. Different groups of Siberian Tatars adopted the new faith at different time periods and in different historical circumstances.

The current challenge of the project is to develop recommendations to prevent the spread of radical Islamic movements in Siberia. Islam and Christianity have coexisted here for more than four centuries, even though this generally peaceful history had its dramatic moments of enmity, which remains in the collective memory. Impartial research of the true nature of relationships between the Christian and Muslim communities in Siberia can "cure" the negative impact on collective attitude.

Running Projects

INTERACT-II: International Network for Terrestrial Research and Monitoring in the Arctic EU JPI-Climate Project: Climate impact on the carbon emission and export from Siberian inland waters (SIWA) Biogeochemical cycles of Arctic bog-lake landscapes of Western Siberia as an Indicator of Climate Change on a Global Scale and A Basis for the sustainable nature management of the Region (Bio-Geo-Clim) Man in a Changing World. Identity and Social Adaptation: Past and Present The history of the study and development of Siberia Electronic encyclopedia "Verbal Culture of Siberia" Microbial communities of cryolithozone wetland ecosystems in Western Siberia Human faces Global Challenges of Modernity Mammoth and dinosaur refuges of Siberia as complex geoarchaeological and paleontological objects Siberia Textual Heritage: Goals and Prospects of Scientific Attribution and Discourse Analysis in relation to Traditional Sources of Historical Information Siberia as the Territory of Wanderers: from Ancient Conquerors to Digital Migrants and Nomads Scientific Basis of the Technology of Synthesis and New Class of Addition Alloys Application for Light Weight Alloy Nanocomposite Production and their Further Use in Aerospace and Transport Industry Ultrabasic-basic Magmatism as the Key to Understanding Revolutionary Events in the Earth History and Formation of Unique Mineral Deposits Integration of labour markets and educational services in the areas of long-term forecasting and strategic planning of the Siberian macro-region Pathological Programming of the Immune System by Neuropsychiatric Factors Among Residents of Siberia: the Prospects of Treatment and Prevention of Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases Islam in Siberia: archaeology, history, modernity The Fundamental Principles of Manufacturing of Steels with a Multi-level Structure for Work in Low Temperature Conditions, on the Basis of Raw Materials Available in the Siberian Region Understanding and Forecasting Trans-Siberian Environmental Changes caused by Climate Change (for the Experimental Areas of Aktru, Kaybasovo, Khanymey) Eco-friendly Resource Production and Raw Materials Processing

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