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Microbial communities of cryolithozone wetland ecosystems in Western Siberia

Long-term research pursued by foreign and Russian scientists provides strong evidence that microbial communities in perpetually frozen soils of the North play a significant role in regulating greenhouse gas emissions. 

It is commonly known that boggy soils accumulate organic remains for centuries thus becoming the largest carbon pool on Earth. That is why there is growing concern in the scientific community that increased activity of soil microflora might further promote global climate change. The project addresses functional aspects of microorganisms in boggy soils. It also helps to identify trends in changes of microbial communities in bog landscapes of Western Siberia under different environmental conditions.

The research employs both classical microbiological methods and molecular biology techniques. Traditional plating helped to identify optimum conditions in boggy soil profiles for the development of eutrophic and oligotrophic microflora and humus-destroying microorganisms.

The idea of using metagenomic analysis to study microbial communities in perpetually frozen soils along longitudinal megaprofile belongs to Sergey Nuzhdin, Professor of Molecular and Computational Biology at the University of Southern California (USA) and author of many scientific articles, including publications in Science, PNAS, PLoS Biology, Current Biology, Nature Genetics. DNA extraction and amplification is carried out with the participation of fellow Department of Biological Studies. Involvement of professionals from these institutions, as well as leading foreign scientists from the University of Southern California who specialize in next generation sequencing for environmental and evolution studies will provide an impetus to genomics as an area of environmental research in Western Siberia.

Running Projects

INTERACT-II: International Network for Terrestrial Research and Monitoring in the Arctic EU JPI-Climate Project: Climate impact on the carbon emission and export from Siberian inland waters (SIWA) Biogeochemical cycles of Arctic bog-lake landscapes of Western Siberia as an Indicator of Climate Change on a Global Scale and A Basis for the sustainable nature management of the Region (Bio-Geo-Clim) Man in a Changing World. Identity and Social Adaptation: Past and Present The history of the study and development of Siberia Electronic encyclopedia "Verbal Culture of Siberia" Microbial communities of cryolithozone wetland ecosystems in Western Siberia Human faces Global Challenges of Modernity Mammoth and dinosaur refuges of Siberia as complex geoarchaeological and paleontological objects Siberia Textual Heritage: Goals and Prospects of Scientific Attribution and Discourse Analysis in relation to Traditional Sources of Historical Information Siberia as the Territory of Wanderers: from Ancient Conquerors to Digital Migrants and Nomads Scientific Basis of the Technology of Synthesis and New Class of Addition Alloys Application for Light Weight Alloy Nanocomposite Production and their Further Use in Aerospace and Transport Industry Ultrabasic-basic Magmatism as the Key to Understanding Revolutionary Events in the Earth History and Formation of Unique Mineral Deposits Integration of labour markets and educational services in the areas of long-term forecasting and strategic planning of the Siberian macro-region Pathological Programming of the Immune System by Neuropsychiatric Factors Among Residents of Siberia: the Prospects of Treatment and Prevention of Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases Islam in Siberia: archaeology, history, modernity The Fundamental Principles of Manufacturing of Steels with a Multi-level Structure for Work in Low Temperature Conditions, on the Basis of Raw Materials Available in the Siberian Region Understanding and Forecasting Trans-Siberian Environmental Changes caused by Climate Change (for the Experimental Areas of Aktru, Kaybasovo, Khanymey) Eco-friendly Resource Production and Raw Materials Processing

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